- Evolved in a particular region over a long period of time.
- Adapts to the climate, hydrology and geology of its region.
- Found in “communities”, meaning they have grown together with other plant species providing habitat for wildlife.
- Positive impact on the local environment and ecosystem.
Non- Native Plant:
- Introduced to an environment in which they did not evolve.
- Introduced deliberately or by accident.
- Negative impact on the local environment and ecosystem.
Impact of Non-Native Plants on environment:
When non-native plants are introduced into an environment, they eventually take over the entire area. Why?
- Non-native plants have no natural enemies or predators, so there is nothing to stop them from spreading.
- Ultimately, they can take over entire “communities” of native plants that support a variety of wildlife and create a monoculture.
- Most native plants disappear leaving only the non-native plants.
- When native plants disappear, most of the wildlife that were dependent on the native plants for habitat also disappear.
Why are Native Plants better for the environment?
- They do not need a lot of maintenance because they developed for the specific ecosystem where they are found.
- They do not need any additional fertilizers or pesticides which can pollute the soil and natural water systems.
- Provide a variety of food and habitat for wildlife.
- Part of our natural heritage.
- Natural landscaping is an opportunity to reestablish diverse native plants, thereby inviting the birds and butterflies back home.
- Save money because they require less maintenance.